This isn’t a step-by-step guide, it’s a guideline. I’ve set up a server for Counter-Strike 1.6 (cstrike) and Couter-Strike: Condition Zero (czero) in a virtual machine, using VirtualBox. The big advantage is that it can be exported, copied to another server and imported there and it will (most likely) just run. All the software used is free and completely legal, no license to pay for, the only potential cost is the hosting. Most other Valve/Steam game servers are set up the same way, with different engines having a bit different system requirements, maybe.
That means the machine will have three hard disks attached, one for the OS, the main disk, and the other two for the two game servers running on it. Each disk is a 4 GB disk, dynamically allocated. The whole machine is sitting at around 3.2 GB right now on my server, cstrike takes about 800 MB, czero around 1.2 GB.
The resources I gave it:
I have converted the hard disks to writethrough, “write-through hard disks are completely unaffected by snapshots: their state is not saved when a snapshot is taken, and not restored when a snapshot is restored”. I don’t plan on taking snapshots and the normal images tend to get slower over time. Converting the HDDs:
$ VBoxManage list hdds UUID: a5cf44aa-90dd-4d7f-81ee-5ad513fd43a5 Parent UUID: base Format: VMDK Location: /home/vbox/VirtualBox VMs/hlsrv/hlsrv-disk1.vmdk State: locked write Type: normal Usage: hlsrv (UUID: c87250f4-fe68-47ca-a416-6dde5ab07063) $ VBoxManage modifyhd a5cf44aa-90dd-4d7f-81ee-5ad513fd43a5 --type writethrough
Repeat for all HDDs. Obviously, with the virtual machine shut down.
VBoxManage modifyvm VMName --macaddressN macaddress
where N is the interface number, starting with 1, i.e.:
VBoxManage modifyvm VMName --macaddress1 0854abdd2349
The client needs:
/dev/sdb1 /cstrike ext3 rw 0 0 /dev/sdc1 /czero ext3 rw 0 0
Add a new user, running as root might not be such a good idea. Could add a new user for each game, a user for all games, shell access isn’t strictly needed.
root@hlsrv:/czero# adduser --home /czero czero Warning: The home dir /czero you specified already exists. Adding user `czero' ... Adding new group `czero' (1001) ... Adding new user `czero' (1001) with group `czero' ... The home directory `/czero' already exists. Not copying from `/etc/skel'. adduser: Warning: The home directory `/czero' does not belong to the user you are currently creating. Enter new UNIX password: Retype new UNIX password: passwd: password updated successfully Changing the user information for czero Enter the new value, or press ENTER for the default Full Name : Room Number : Work Phone : Home Phone : Other : Is the information correct? [Y/n] y
The home directory can be changed later with usermod(8) -d. Make sure it’s chown(1)-ed to the proper user. Don’t let everyone read config files that have passwords in them, ‘chmod -R o-rwx /czero’ is probably overkill, but at least it’s quick.
Time to install the game. Download hldsupdatetool.bin, make it executable and run it. It will create a new file called ‘steam’. That’s ‘HldsUpdateTool.exe’ from the official knowledge base article, the Linux version. Give it executable permissions and run it like this:
$ ./steam -command update -game czero -dir /czero/czsrv
The first couple of times it will update itself and say something like
Getting version 48 of Steam HLDS Update Tool Downloading. . . . . . . . . . . .Steam Linux Client updated, please retry the command
keep running it again until it starts downloading. Use
$ ./steam -command list
to see the available games.
That should be it. Probably some addons like AMX should be added to the server, but for now check if it runs:
$ cd /czero/czsrv $ ./hlds_run -game czero +maxplayers 16 +map de_aztec
To add admins to AMX Mod X edit the file amxmodx/configs/users.ini, then, client side, add to your autoexec.cfg:
setinfo _pw "password"
where _pw is defined in amxx.cfg, amx_password_field.
Alternatively, from the console, use amx_addadmin.
cd /czero/czsrv/ tmux new -d -s "czero" "./hlds_run -game czero -nomaster -console"
cd /cstrike/cssrv/ tmux new -d -s "cstrike" "./hlds_run -game cstrike -port 27020 -nomaster -console"
-nomaster will make it so the server isn’t listed on steam.
The scripts should be run as users cstrike and czero. To attach one of the sessions use
$ tmux attach -t cstrike
Detach again with “CTRL+b, d”. The -t parameter isn’t needed if only one session is running as that user.
In order to start the games when the server starts, add to /etc/rc.local:
su - cstrike -c /cstrike/runcstrike.sh su - czero -c /czero/runczero.sh
// Use this file to configure your DEDICATED server. // This config file is executed on server start. // It's a lan server. Usually paired with -nomaster on command line // so the server isn't listed on steam sv_lan 1 // disable autoaim sv_aim 0 sv_cheats 0 // disable clients' ability to pause the server pausable 0 // default server name. Change to "Bob's Server", etc. hostname "counter.neant.ro" sv_contact "email@example.com" // doesn't matter for lan servers, 3 is Europe, -1 for World sv_region 3 // maximum client movement speed sv_maxspeed 320 // server FPS rate, how often it should update the clinet // value range: 100-1000, default 100 // higher is better, but more CPU intensive // keep an eye on CPU ('top'), if it constantly goes over 60%, lower this sys_ticrate 500 // changing these might make clients unable to connect // defaults should be fine // allow clients to get maps from server //sv_allowdownload 1 // do compress them //sv_filetransfercompression 1 // do not allow clients to upload sprites //sv_allowupload 0 // limit the maximum size of sprites anyway //hpk_maxsize .1 MB // don't send sprites to clients //sv_send_logos 0 // do send models //sv_send_resources 1 // 20 minute timelimit on map mp_timelimit 20 // maxplayers 16 // autokick team killers? mp_autokick 0 // automatically rebalance teams at start of round mp_autoteambalance 1 // how long is buying allowed, in minutes //mp_buytime 1.5 // can players use the flashlight? mp_flashlight 1 // 0 - spectate anyone // 1 - spectate own team only // 2 - only see one's dead body mp_forcechasecam 1 mp_friendlyfire 1 // how long after the round starts until players can move // in seconds mp_freezetime 1 // remote console password rcon_password "rC0nPass" // load ban files exec listip.cfg exec banned.cfg // set the first map map de_aztec_cz